|KaDoKits Exotics presents Dominant and Recessive Genetics...
Dominant vs. Recessive
In the world of cat breeding, we are concerned with dominant and recessive genes for two main reasons.
One is in figuring out the inheritance of colors and patterns.
The other is in understanding the inheritance of certain diseases and disorders.
Your cat gets half of its genetic material from its mother
and half of its genetic material from its father.
How Do You Know??
You ALWAYS know when a cat has a dominant gene because you SEE it.
You will never know if a cat carries a recessive gene unless
you have one or more of the following conditions....
1. One of your cat's parents had 2 copies of the recessive gene,
thereby showing that recessive trait;
(a cat with 2 recessive genes ~ like your cream male ~
will always pass on only recessive genes)
Is one of Fluffy's parents a blue or a blue-cream?
2. Your cat has produced at least one kitten that shows the recessive trait...meaning both
your cat and the mate, at least, carry the recessive gene...and
...that one kitten has 2 copies of the recessive gene;
Has Fluffy had kittens before that were blue or blue-cream?
3. You have a DNA test performed
to prove your cat does or does not carry the gene in question.
(If the test is available for what you want to test for.)
This is where linechasing gets fun!
Sometimes the recessive gene is found many generations back.
Sometimes it is found in the first generation.
First, start with Fluffy's parents....are either dilutes or are they both dense colors?
To keep this interesting,
let's say her father is black and her mother is tortoiseshell.
Now, go to her grandparents...
Let's say her paternal grandparents are dense colors (red father, tortie mother)
and her maternal grandparents are also dense colors (red father, black mother)
Now go to her great-grandparents....
Fluffy has a blue-cream paternal great-grandmother
and a blue maternal great-grandfather.
There is a "chance" that Fluffy carries a recessive dilute gene!
IF Fluffy's father were BLUE, you would KNOW Fluffy carries one dilute gene.
IF Fluffy's maternal grandfather were CREAM, there would be a greater chance that Fluffy
carries a dilute gene than if the dilute gene comes only from the great-grand parents.
Dense color (e.g. black, red, tortoiseshell)
Agouti (lets the tabby pattern show)
Mackerel Tabby Pattern
Dilute color (e.g. blue, cream, blue-cream)
Solid/Self (no pattern)
Classic Tabby Pattern
Color-Point (Himalayan pattern)
GC, Hot Diggety!, red PER
CH, Hot Dang!, red ESH
| Blue Belles N Roses, blue-cream ESH
GC, Cinderfella, black ESH
| | Burnt Offering, black ELH
| | |
| GC, Fire N Ashes, tortoiseshell ESH
| GC, Flash Dance, tortoiseshell ESH
F, GC, Fluffy, black ESH
| GC, RW, Sir Luv-Lee-Purrz, red PER
| GC, GP, Burnin' Luv, red PER
| | |
| | CH, Flamin' Heart, red PER
GC, Painted Lady, tortoiseshell ESH
| GC, Blue Moon, blue PER
CH, Midnight Kiss, black ESH
Total Eclipse, black ESH
Copyright: Pedigrees2020© 1991-2005;//,
Even if Fluffy
produces a dilute
even if she is only
bred to a dilute
(a blue or a cream),
this does NOT
prove that she
does not carry a
are that she does
not carry a dilute
gene, but this can
ONLY be proven
with a DNA test.
Some of the genes are dominant and some of the genes are recessive.
A dominant gene will show up in the cat's appearance
no matter if the cat has one copy or two copies of the gene.
A recessive gene will show up in the cat's appearance
only when the cat has two copies of the gene.
Let's Consider Fluffy....
Let's say Fluffy is a black exotic.
Black is a dense color, a dominant gene.
You want to know if Fluffy can give you a blue-cream (a recessive color) kitten
when you breed her to your cream (a recessive color) male.
There are 2 different possibilities for her genetic make-up:
Fluffy can have 2 copies of the dominant black gene.
This means she SHOWS the dominant trait (black) in her appearance
she only has those dominant genes to pass on to her kittens....she will never give birth to
a recessive colored kitten!
No blue-cream kittens for Fluffy!
~ OR ~
Fluffy can have a dominant gene and a recessive gene.
This means she SHOWS the dominant trait (black) in her appearance,
and HIDES one copy of the recessive dilute gene in her DNA.
That recessive gene will only SHOW UP when Fluffy is bred to either
a mate who also HIDES the recessive gene in his DNA
(a black male who carries a dilute gene or a red male who carries a dilute gene)
25% chance of a blue-cream kitten for Fluffy!
a mate who has 2 copies of the recessive gene and shows the recessive trait
(your cream male).
50% chance of a blue-cream kitten for Fluffy!